The night slalom will take place without spectators (due to COVID-19)
A nice thank you from the slalom experts
From Clément Noël to Luca Aerni, via Ramon Zenhäusern, Marc Rochat, Julien Lizeroux and Daniel Yule, the French and Swiss slalom racers had a great time at the exhibition slalom in Crans-Montana. They have sent a short dedication in this video.
The next meet on the Mont Lachaux piste will be the two Women’s European Cup races (16-17 January) and two downhills and a super-G for the Women’s World Cup (22-24 January). Unfortunately without spectators due to COVID-19, but on television of course, with great live broadcasts.
Slalom skiers thrilled by the format
30.12.2020 - On Tuesday evening, Crans-Montana was for the first time the scene of a revamped slalom format. The heats lasted under thirty seconds, and the five slowest skiers were eliminated each time. A concept designed jointly by Marius Robyr, president of the organising committee, and Matteo Joris, head coach of the Swiss slalom team, with the aim of creating races that are dynamic and easy for everyone to understand.
The new format was appreciated by the best Swiss and French specialists who took part in the slalom on the Mont-Lachaux piste, and which included Daniel Yule, Luca Aerni, Ramon Zenhäusern and Clément Noël.
Video in French only: SkiActu
Luca Aerni, fireworks at home!
29.12.2020 - What an ending for the night slalom in Crans-Montana! Although it was not open to the public, the festival of skiing was nonetheless superb, in the snowfall on the Haut-Plateau. And it was the local who won this stage. Thanks to some great skiing, Luca Aerni took home the 25,000 francs pledged to the winner !
The skier from Barzettes beat Noel von Grünigen from Bern and France’s Clément Noël, the double title holder. Held in a new format on the Mont Lachaux piste, the exhibition was a great success. In the initial round, 20 athletes lined up to start. Then at the end of each heat, the five athletes in the bottom places were eliminated, until the grand final which brought together the five best slalom racers of the evening. This included Daniel Yule and Tanguy Nef, who took risks and didn’t finish.
The evening was full of suspense and twists right from the first heat. Indeed, two of the key favourites were eliminated at the beginning. Ramon Zenhäusern, recent winner of the Alta Badia slalom, straddled a gate a few seconds into the race. His team-mate Marc Rochat suffered the same fate.
Broadcast live on RTS and organised in collaboration with the Association of the Municipalities of Crans-Montana, the Canton of Valais and the CMA ski lifts, the competition was a great success. On pistes that had been perfectly prepared by Marius Robyr’s teams, despite the snowfall, the skiers all enjoyed stopping off in Valais during this holiday period. An appointment has already been made for next year in the candidate resort for the 2027 World Championships.
Video in French only: SkiActu
DEPREZphoto sa, cransmontana
|Luca Aerni, great winner of the 3rd night slalom from Crans-Montana.|
|The podium: 1. Luca Aerni SUI; 2. Noel von Grünigen SUI; 3. Clément Noël FRA; 4. Daniel Yule SUI; 5. Tanguy Nef SUI|
|Luca Aerni SUI|
|Noel von Grünigen SUI|
|Clément Noël FRA|
everything is ready!
Last adjustments for the Swiss slalom skiers
28.12.2020 - J-1 ! The Swiss skiers were training on the Mont Lachaux piste this Monday morning, the day before the Crans-Montana invitation night slalom. On a perfectly prepared sprint course, they had a field day. Watch the reactions of the athletes Ramon Zenhäusern, Tanguy Nef and Marc Rochat and their trainers Matteo Joris and Thierry Meynet.
Video (in French only): SkiActu
DEPREZphoto sa, cransmontana
"A format designed for athletes and viewers"
The Crans-Montana slalom exhibition will be presenting a new concept this Tuesday evening on the Mont Lachaux piste. The instigator of the project, the Swiss slalom trainer, outlines the format.
A new race format will be presented at the slalom exhibition on 29 December in Crans-Montana. There will be 25 athletes at the start, including the best Swiss and French slalom racers at the moment, such as Daniel Yule, Ramon Zenhäusern, Loïc Meillard, Tanguy Nef and Clément Noël, double title-holder on the Haut-Plateau. At the end of each heat, the five skiers in the bottom places are eliminated, up until the final, which will feature the five best slalom skiers of the evening.
This concept was jointly devised by Marius Robyr, president of the organising committee, and Matteo Joris, head coach of the Swiss slalom racers. "This format has been designed so that there is no downtime for either the athletes or the viewers", explains Matte Joris. "As it’s an exhibition, it’s also an opportunity to watch the best skiers three, four or five times. Also, for people watching the competition, it’s easy to understand, since those who come last are eliminated."
"The future of night slaloms"
So that the athletes can do one run after another, and so that the pace is fast, the heats will be no longer than 30 seconds. "The idea is that you give it your all. And the athletes appreciate this format, because they also have less time to wait between each heat.", continues the Swiss coach from the Valle d’Aosta, who sees this format as "the future of night slaloms". "It’s more interesting than the parallel in my opinion. You don’t have to have long pistes, and you can even find them in towns. You don’t necessarily award FIS points, but you guarantee attractive prize-money so that the best athletes will take part." In Crans-Montana, the total amount is CHF 50'000, the winner will receive CHF 25'000.
Swiss slalom skiers are the favourites
And the Swiss athletes will be keen to shine on the final wall of the Mont-Lachaux piste on Tuesday evening. "I sincerely think that we have the best team in the World Cup", says Matteo Joris, who welcomed Ramon Zenhäusern’s win in Alta Badia and the overall performance of his skiers on the Dolomites piste, even though the slalom the following day in Madonna di Campiglio wasn’t as successful. "We started the season as we finished the last one." That’s to say, with a bang. Enough for big ambitions for the winter that is only just beginning, and which continues in Crans-Montana.
|Matteo Joris: the force behind the Swiss men's slalom team...|
Ramon Zenhäusern is looking forward to skiing in Crans-Montana
Crans-Montana will host several of the best slalom skiers in the world on the Mont-Lachaux piste on Tuesday 29 December, for a promising exhibition race. Among the headliners present on the Haut-Plateau, we will have the pleasure of seeing Ramon Zenhäusern at work.
Winner of the first slalom of the season on Monday in Alta Badia, his fourth World Cup win, the skier from Bürchen is on top form, and is looking forward to skiing on his home turf in Valais.
Video (in French only)
A festive platter for Crans-Montana
Led by the Valaisans Ramon Zenhäusern and Daniel Yule, several of the world’s best slalom racers will be present on 29 December for a night race in an innovative format. Several world-class teams have decided to accept the invitation to spend the period between Christmas and New Year in the Haut-Plateau region.
The best Swiss will, of course, be present for this great festival of slalom. Amongst Matteo Joris’ protégés, the presence of the recent winner of the first event this winter in Alta Badia, Ramon Zenhäusern, is therefore guaranteed. The same goes for Daniel Yule, who was 7th in Italy and is still enjoying an extraordinary World Cup season. Tanguy Nef, 8th on the Gran Risa, will be there, as will the two skiers from Crans-Montana ,Marc Rochat and Luca Aerni. With 17th place in Alta Badia, the latter is close to being fully back on form, after two complicated winters.
But the Swiss won’t be the only ones wanting to impress on the Mont Lachaux piste. Double title holder Clément Noël is hoping once again to reach for the stars, namely the 25,000 francs promised to the winner. He won’t be the only French skier present in Valais, since brilliant veterans of the race, former double world champion Jean-Baptiste Grange and the fantastic Julien Lizeroux, as well as young Théo Letitre, will also be present. The charismatic and talented Dave Ryding (GBR) and Armand Marchant (BEL) will also be there, as well as several Italian slalom racers, who have been impressive on the World Cup front.
Organised in close collaboration with CMA ski lifts and Swiss-Ski, the event will be an opportunity to discover a new race format. Twenty five participants will start in the first round. In the following round, the 5 last places will be eliminated, and so on, until the final with the top 5, who will share total prize money of 50,000 francs.
The whole event, which will be held without spectators due to the Covid-19 pandemic, will be broadcast on RTS sports channels. The last three rounds will be broadcast live on RTS 2 from 7.30pm.
Special preparations for a special edition
18.12.2020 - With only ten days to go before the night slalom in Crans-Montana, preparations are going well. Although the invitation race will take place without spectators, and under strict sanitary conditions, the public will be able to follow most of the best slalom skiers on the planet on the RTS channels on December 29th. President of the organising committee Marius Robyr looks back on a year that has been…special.
Video (in French only): Laurent Morel/SkiActu
Preparation of the night slalom course is underway
Two weeks away from the invitation-only men’s night slalom in Crans-Montana, the organisation teams are busy ! Particularly on the piste which will welcome the best slalom skiers on the planet on Tuesday 29 December. « Of course there’s work to do, explains Markus Murmann, race director on the Haut-Plateau. The men are skiing on an ice rink, so we have to be ready ». The snow that has fallen over the past few days makes his task easier.
In concrete terms, he will have to pack, mix and even water the white gold layer. « I hope it’ll be cold », says the specialist, who will be working with the CMA ski lift employees over the next few days. Next, the piste needs to be injected, with the help of a large bar that is specially used for the purpose. At least 20 people will be on deck to carry out these final preparations a few hours before the event.
Due to COVID-19 health measures, the race will unfortunately take place without spectators ! However ski fans will be able to follow the race live on RTS 2 from 19.30. For the detailed programme, see relevant section.
Photo and Video (in French only): Laurent Morel/SkiActu
Men’s Night Slalom – live on RTS2 !
21.11.2020 - After a detailed analysis of the Covid-19 situation, and as is the case for all World Cup races taking place in Switzerland this 2020/21 season, the men's night slalom by invitation, which will be held on Tuesday December 29th in Crans-Montana, will take place without the presence of spectators.
However ski fans will not miss the show provided by the world's best slalom racers. The Swiss French-speaking television channel, will broadcast the race live at 6.30 pm on RTSsport.ch and from 7.30 pm on RTS 2.
The total prize money is CHF 50,000: CHF 25,000 for first place, CHF 12,000 for second, CHF 7,000 for third, CHF 4,000 for fourth and CHF 2,000 for fifth.
DEPREZphoto sa, cransmontana
Men’s Night Slalom,
Tuesday 29 December 2020
14.05.2020 - The Men’s Night Slalom on 15 January 2020, organised by the Crans-Montana World Cup Organising Committee in close collaboration with the CMA ski lift company, was a great success. Both the guest world-class slalom skiers and the public, who came out in force to watch, were full of compliments. With this extremely positive feedback, it was decided that another edition would take place. The race is by invitation, and the elite in the discipline will be lining up at the start line on an ideal date, Tuesday 29 December 2020. As for the Crans-Montana slalom piste, it has convincingly demonstrated time and again that it is perfectly adapted to host the coveted World Championships.
A young wolf leading the pack
Clément Noël, a slalom giant under the stars in Crans-Montana
15.01.2020 - Like last year, Clément Noël was the victor in the second edition of the night exhibition slalom in Crans-Montana. The Frenchman finished in first place, followed by Ramon Zenhäusern and Marc Rochat.
Although the Swiss literally set the Mont Lachaux piste on fire on Wednesday, they had to relinquish the top place to a Frenchman. In fact for the second consecutive year, it was Clément Noël who took gold and the tidy sum of 20,000 francs of prize money in this exhibition slalom. Already in the lead after dominating the first heat, the 22 year old skier from the Vosges beat Ramon Zenhäusern by 0’’69 and Marc Rochat by 1’23’’. «This would be a really beautiful piste for the World Cup », said the French prodigy.
In front of a large crowd– some 4,000 spectators were present on the evening– the Swiss saw their best skiers do battle on a slalom piste that matched the most stunning stages in the winter season. Ramon Zenhäusern, who was supported by his friends and family, managed an impressive second round. «It really is extraordinary to be able to race in these conditions, exclaimed the local from Upper Valais. Plus I’m really happy with my result.»
As for Marc Rochat, with his two solid races, he proved that he is now one of the best specialists in the world. The Vaud native from Crans-Montana chose his home resort on the Haut-Plateau, for his first podium place at this level. Note that Daniel Yule and Tanguy Nef, who were battling for podium places, lost out in the second race.
A piste destined for a Men’s World Cup Night Slalom
Overall, this second Night Exhibition Slalom in Crans-Montana has been a very positive one. The new form of organisation, with the World Cup races Organising Committee working in close collaboration with the CMA ski lift company and Swiss-Ski, enabled a number of improvements to be brought to the event. Marius Robyr, president of the Organising Committee, was very enthusiastic about the large number of fans present, around 4,000 people, and guests from the world of politics, economy and sport who came to applaud the ski aces. He praised the excellent preparation of the spectacular slalom piste, the attractive field, which consisted of a joyful mix of world class slalom skiers and young talents, and also the live broadcast on RSTSport and SRF2.
Most of the renowned athletes present were unanimous in saying that the Crans-Montana slalom piste deserved to be awarded a Men’s World Cup Night Slalom, remarks which will be considered in the Organising Committee’s future strategy. This slalom piste is one of the great positives in the Crans-Montana/Valais bid to organise the World Championships.
|Clément Noël/FRA winner for the second time.|
|Ramon Zenhäusern/SUI, second.|
|Marc Rochat/SUI, third.|
|Beautiful podium this second edition of the Slalom Nocturne Exhibition 2020.|
Ramon Zenhäusern would like the slalom to go from exhibition to a World Cup race in Crans-Montana
14.01.2020 - The Valais local Ramon Zenhäusern (27 ) has worked long and hard for his slalom success stories. He has been training at professional level since the age of 12 years old. The 2m tall athlete from Viège sums it up, « Up until now in my career, I’ve always been moving forwards, sometimes only in small steps, but always forwards ». Ramon discovered skiing and grew to love it in Bürchen, the village where his parents own a chalet. His father Peter and his coach/mentor Didier Plaschy have always had unshakable belief in him.
His career really took off during the 2018 Olympics in PyeongChang/South Korea, during which he won silver in the slalom and gold in the team race. During the 2018/19 season, he enjoyed the first World Cup slalom win of his career in Kranjska Gora/Slovenia, beating no less than Henrik Kristoffersen and Marcel Hirscher who were hot on his heels !
Ramon Zenhäusern has a total of 6 World Cup slalom podium places to his name today, including a second place this season in Zagreb, after flirting closely with victory and the title « king of the snow ».
Video (in French only): Laurent Morel
Clément Noël : « I love the Exhibition Slalom formula, the piste and the public in Crans-Montana »
13.01.2020 - Frenchman Clément Noël had already left his parents, his brother and his village, Ménil, in the Vosges by the age of 15. It wasn’t possible for him to reach the goal that he’d fixed himself in the conditions there, the goal of becoming a competition skier. In summer, Clément Noël studied at school (CNSS) in Albertville, in winter, when there weren’t classes, he lived in Val d’Isère. When he finished school, he finally chose to live in the Olympic town of Albertville. It didn’t take long for this great talent to become one of the best slalom skiers on the planet.
He began his World Cup career in the 2017/18 season, competing in his first race in the major league in Levi/FIN. On 7 February 2018, he was crowned World Slalom Junior Champion in Davos. During the winter of 2018/19, he won the Slalom in Wengen, his 18th World Cup race, then a week later he was back, winning at Kitzbühel. And as all things come in threes, he ended the season on the top step of the podium of the World Cup Slalom Finals at Soldeu. Clément Noël was also the winner of the first edition of the Crans-Montana Night Exhibition Slalom.
Success hasn’t changed Clément one bit. He remains an uncomplicated young man who knows exactly how to evaluate his performances, and impresses with his wisdom and calmness. His aim now is to also compete and excel in the Giant. After four podium places last season, he has already added three new ones : 2nd place in Levi, a win in Zagreb and 3rd place in Madonna di Campiglio.
Video (in French only): Laurent Morel/SkiActu
(in French only)
A regal stage for the Crans-Montana exhibition Night Slalom
12.01.2020 - Following on from Daniel Yule, Clément Noël, André Myhrer, Ramon Zenhäusern and Sebastian Foss Solevaag, five of the seven top slalom skiers in the world today will be competing to win on the Haut-Plateau this Wednesday evening, 15 January (17.15/19.15).
The line-up is something to smile about, and with good reason! The two winners from the previous World Cup slaloms (Zagreb, Madonna di Campiglio and Adelboden) will be in Crans-Montana to take part in the second edition of the men’s night race on Wednesday 15 January. France’s Clément Noël (winner in Zagreb) and Daniel Yule (1st in Madonna and Adelboden) have accepted the invitation from the organisers, led by Marius Robyr.
Clément Noël, currently the third best slalom racer in the world, will be looking to defend his title under the spotlights in the Valais resort, which is a candidate for the organisation of the 2025 World Championships. Daniel Yule, who is in full swing after his success in Madonna di Campiglio for the second year in a row and his great win in Adelboden, and currently second in the World Cup rankings in the discipline, is looking to make his mark. But the two men are not the only ones hoping to shine on the Haut-Plateau, as 5 of the 7 top specialists in the world will be lining up for the race.
How could we fail to mention Ramon Zenhäusern, who has been on superlative form for the past few months. The Olympic vice-champion, who hails from Upper Valais, would also like to add his name to the prizewinners in this exhibition race, which will be broadcast on the RTSsport and SRF2 channels. Scandinavia will also be particularly well represented, with the Swedes André Myhrer, the Olympic champion, and Kristoffer Jakobsen as well as Norwegians Sebastian Foss Solevaag, Leif Kristian Nestvold-Haugen, Jonathan Nordbotten, Timon Haugan, and not forgetting the prodigy Lucas Braathen (19). Already in the line-up in Valais a year ago, Dave Ryding will be returning to Crans-Montana, as well the two French skiers, Français Julien Lizeroux and Théo Letitre.
As for the Swiss, Tanguy Nef is no doubt going to prove that he is now one of the top specialists in the world. The skier from Geneva will be accompanied by Marc Rochat, Reto Schmidiger and Noël von Grünigen, son of the legendary Michael. Ten young talents of our country have the possibility to fight against the Cracks, what a challenge! – Admission is free, and food and drink is available on the evening from 16:30.
Daniel Yule : Quite a feat in Madonna and happy to be coming to Crans-Montana
8.01.2020 - With his fantastic performance at the World Cup Night Slalom at Madonna di Campiglio, Daniel Yule (26) managed to repeat his win from last season on the same piste. The Valais inhabitant with British roots – he lives in Branche d’en Haut, a village on the road to La Fouly – beat Henrik Kristoffersen NOR by 0.15 and Clément Noël FRA by 0.25. Bravo, bravissimo ! He thus advances to the 3rd place in the current Slalom World Cup ranking behind... Henrik Kristofferson and Clément Noël.
With his two wins at Madonna di Campiglio, Yule has already enjoyed 7 podium places (5 x 3rd and 2 x 1st) in the Slalom World Cup. The next World Cup meet takes place next weekend in Adelboden, and after this we are delighted to be welcoming him back to Valais for the Night Exhibition Slalom on 15 January (1st heat at 17.15/second at 19.15) in Crans-Montana. As for the Swiss, Ramon Zenhäusern will also be present (unfortunately eliminated in the 2nd heat in Madonna), Tanguy Nef (an excellent sixth place, his best result in the World Cup) and Marc Rochat (a good 19th place).
In our video (in French only) by Laurent Morel/SkiActu, Daniel Yule tells us that he believes it is a great idea to organise this Night Slalom in Crans-Montana, and he is delighted to be competing in this special race on his home territory.
Marc Rochat : « Motivation for young ski fans »
5.01.2020 - For Marc Rochat (27), the Night Exhibition Slalom in Crans-Montana on Wednesday 15 January (17.15/19.15) is a dream opportunity to race at home. Thanks to his parents, who are both huge sports fans, the skier from Lausanne has often been able to follow his passion for skiing on the Valais Haut-Plateau pistes.
He was just two when he first put on skis, and at 15 he took part in his first FIS race. His progression was unfortunately slowed down due to several knee injuries. Therefore in the meantime he concentrated on obtaining his federal matriculation certificate.
His best World Cup season to date was in 2017/18 , when he finished in sixth place in the Kranjska Gora slalom. He finished in 28th place in the overall ranking for the discipline, and second in the European Cup. He topped it all with the title of Swiss slalom vice-champion, behind Ramon Zenhäusern.
Marc Rochat has much praise for the Crans-Montana slalom piste, which is wholly visible from the finish stadium. The local describes the Night Exhibition Slalom as excellent motivation for young people to become more familiar with skiing.
Video ( in French only): Laurent Morel/SkiActu
Luca Aerni : « An attractive meet for slalom specialists »
3.01.2020 - During the week that falls between the Adelboden and Wengen World Cup races, a host of slalom skiers from a variety of nations will be training in Crans-Montana.
On Wednesday 15 January, as part of this, a Night Exhibition Slalom will take place, with some of the best specialists in the world taking part, including two Swiss, Daniel Yule and Ramon Zenhäusern.
Luca Aerni, Crans-Montana ambassador, would have loved to take part too (see video). His absence is completely understandable: as a participant in the Alpine Combined on 17 January in Wengen, he has to take part in the scheduled Downhill training beforehand. In his opinion, this Exhibition Slalom is a great occasion for specialists in the discipline to demonstrate their skills in the two heats (17.15/19.15), taking it seriously, but to a degree in a relaxed manner, on the spectacular Crans- Montana slalom piste.
Admission is free! Food & drink will be available on the evening.
Further news about the experts that will be lining up on the Valais Haut-Plateau will follow up until 15 January.
Video (in French only) : Laurent Morel/SkiActu
Men’s Night Exhibition Slalom live on RTS SPORT and SRF SPORT
12.12.2019 - The Men’s Night Exhibition Slalom on Wednesday 15 January in Crans-Montana, with some of the best slalom skiers in the world present, has taken on a brand new dimension. The Radio Télévision Suisse RTS, the official competent broadcaster of the World Cup races on the Valais Haut-Plateau, will also be producing a TV programme for the Men’s Night Slalom. The two runs (17.15/19.15) will be broadcast live on RTS Sport and SRF Sport. Other TV stations are also interested, but have not yet been confirmed. Thanks to the Organising Committee’s initiative, Crans-Montana’s slalom piste, which is fully visible from the finish stadium, will be illuminated with high quality temporary lighting, to meet the demands of television. Therefore this rendez-vous, featuring specialists in the discipline, scheduled between the Adelboden and Wengen World Cup races, will be transformed into a spectacular and exciting event. The winner will take away the cool sum of 20,000 francs.
Wednesday 15 January 2020: the world slalom elite in Crans-Montana
21.11.2019 - The second major World Cup meet of the 2019/20 season next weekend, in Levi/Finland, is an opportune moment to note the men’s night slalom display taking place on Wednesday 15 January 2020 in Crans-Montana. Between the renowned classic World Cup races in Adelboden and Wengen, some of the best slalom specialists in the world will be present on the Haut-Plateau to demonstrate their mastery on the spectacular Mont Lachaux/Nationale slope, which is visible in full from the finish stadium. After two heats (17:15/19:15), the winner will receive a cool CHF 20,000.00.
The Crans-Montana World Cup organisation committee are working to ensure that this slalom is an attractive and fascinating “aperitif“, with free access, prior to the Women’s European Cup races (14-16 February) and the two World Cup races (22.02./Downhill and 23.02/Alpine Combined). – Our photo (Zoom agency): Daniel Yule and Loïc Meillard – two of the best Swiss skiers, who will probably be among the 30 slalom skiers selected for this night slalom.
A men’s night slalom exhibition in addition to the 2020 World Cup and European Cup races
7.05.2019 - The women’s World Cup races 2020 in Crans-Montana, which include a Downhill (22 February) and an Alpine Combined (23.02), as well as the women's’ European Cup with two Downhills (14 and 15 February) and a Super-G (16 February), will be preceded by a rendez-vous with the men. On Wednesday 15 January 2020, between two Men’s World Cup races taking place in the Bernese Oberland, in Adelboden and Wengen, the Organisation Committee for the FIS Alpine Ski races in Crans-Montana will be organising two heats of a night slalom exhibition, in close collaboration with the CMA Ski Lift Company and Swiss-Ski.
30 of the best national and international slalom athletes will be invited to take part in this race, which will take place on the spectacular Mont Lachaux/Nationale slalom piste. The prize money will be 40,000 Swiss francs. Training sessions are planned for the day before the race that is planned for Wednesday 15 January. The organisers aim to offer ski fans a third major alpine competition in addition to the annual FIS World Cup and European Cup races. This slalom exhibition is also a full-scale test for night races, in view of the World Championships that Crans-Montana/Valais are aiming to host. It is worth noting that the first time this race was held in the Haut-Plateau region was on this same piste on 16 January 2019.
An impressive podium for the first night slalom exhibition held in Crans-Montana in 2019 : 1st Clément Noël (FRA), 2nd Dave Ryding (GBR), 3rd Julien Lizeroux (FRA), 4th Andre Myhrer (SWE), 5th Marc Rochat (SWI).